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Myths and Facts
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> Myths & Facts about Stem cells Donation  
Learn the facts about Stem cell Donation to help you make an informed decision about joining the Marrow Donor Registry (India).

 Myth: Stem cell Donation involves a lengthy recovery process.
Fact: Due to taking the drug filgrastim, PBSC Donors may have symptoms such as bone or muscle pain or fatigue in the five days leading up to donation. These symptoms nearly always disappear one or two days after donating, and the Donor is back to normal. Stem cell Donors can expect to feel fatigue, some soreness or pressure in their lower back and perhaps some discomfort walking. Stem cell Donors can expect to be back to work, school and other activities within one to seven days. The average time for all symptoms to disappear is 21 days.
 Myth: Donating Stem cells is dangerous and weakens the Donor.
Fact: Though no medical procedure is without risk, there are rarely any long-term effects from donating. Only five percent or less of a Donor's Stem cells are needed to save a life. After donation, the body replaces the donated Stem cells within four to six weeks. The MDR(I) screens all Donors carefully before they donate to ensure they are healthy and the procedure is safe for them. The MDR(I) also educates Donors, answers questions every step of the way and follows up with Donors after donation.
 Myth: Pieces of bone are removed from the Donor.
Fact: Pieces of bone are not removed from the Donor in either type of donation.

A PBSC donation involves taking the drug G-CSF for five days leading up to donation in order to increase the Donor's needed blood-forming cells. On the fifth day, blood is taken from the Donor through one arm, passed through disposable kit installed on a machine that separates out the blood-forming cells, and returned through the Donor's other arm.

 Myth: The Stem cells Donation procedure is painful.
Fact: Peripheral Blood Stem Cells (PBSC) donation is painless, non surgical, outpatient procedure involving only a needle in the arm vein. Similar to platelet donation
 Myth: All Stem cells Donations involve surgery.
Fact: The majority of donations do not involve surgery. The Patient's doctor most commonly requests a Peripheral Blood Stem Cell (PBSC) donation, which is non-surgical and outpatient. If Marrow is requested, it is a surgical procedure, usually inpatient.
 Myth: Donors have to pay for the donation procedure.
Fact: Donors never pay for donating. All medical costs are paid by the patient's medical insurance or by the patient, sometimes with MDR(I) assistance. The MDR(I) reimburses Donors for travel costs, and may reimburse other costs on a case-by-case basis.